Ativan (lorazepam)- an antianxiety agent.
Chemical formula – 7-chloro-5-(o-chlorophenyl)-1,3- dihydro-3-hydroxy-2H-1,4- benzodiazepin-2-one
Ativan is a white powder which is insoluble in water. This medication can be taken orally and contains 0.5mg, 1mg or 2mg strength of lorazepam. In this, the inactive ingredients present are lactose monohydrate, magnesium stearate, polacrilin potassium, and microcrystalline cellulose.
What is Lorazepam 2mg tablets used for?
Lorazepam 2mg tablets are used for the short-term relief of the symptom of severe anxiety, with or without associated insomnia in adults, thus these problems are disabling or causing unacceptable distress. Lorazepam helps to calm excessive anxiety and with related symptoms like acute mania, excitement or agitation that may occur in psychiatric illness such as bipolar affective disorder. In bipolar disorder, benzodiazepines are used as it helps to calm the individual. Sometimes lorazepam may be given by injection in situations where a rapid effect is needed to control a manic episode or a panic attack. It also helps with sleeping difficulties associated with anxiety by reducing the time you take to fall asleep and the number of times to wake up in the night.
In bronchoscopy, gastroscopy or colonoscopy, lorazepam is given for its sedating and anxiety-relieving effects as a pre-med before surgery or medicalbinvestigations.
Lorazepam 2mg tablets may also be given to control seizures, such as repeated fitting where there is no recovery of consciousness.
How does lorazepam tablets work?
Lorazepam (Ativan) belongs to the group of medicines called the benzodiazepine which works by acting on receptors in the brain called GABA receptors to produce a calming effect and most desired effect that occurs in us. This causes a neurotransmitter called GABA( gamma-aminobutyric acid)to be released in the brain. A neurotransmitter is the chemicals that are stored in nerve cells in the brain and central nervous system. It involved in transmitting messages between the nerve cells. Moreover, it acts as a natural nerve calming agent and helps to keep the nerve activity in balance in the brain. It involved in inducing sleepiness, reducing anxiety and relaxing muscles.
Lorazepam is a minor tranquilizer as it increases the activity of GABA in the brain and increases these calming effects.
What should I know before taking lorazepam medication?
Lorazepam 2mg tablets is only suitable for short-term treatment of anxiety and insomnia. It is because it has a high potential for dependence and addiction. So it should only be taken for two to four weeks at most including a period where the dose is gradually reduced. Thus it helps to avoid withdrawal symptoms and your anxiety coming back after you stop treatment.
Can drink alcohol with lorazepam?
No, you should not drink alcohol with taking lorazepam, as it can last into the next day and can affect you more than usual while you are taking a benzodiazepine. Although it increases drowsiness, causing the problem with concentration, alertness, and coordination. What are the side effects of lorazepam? While medicines and their side effects can affect the individual person in different ways. The following are the side effects that are associated with Lorazepam sleeping pills. The side effects stated here does not mean that all people who taking lorazepam will experience any side effect. However, it is important to consult with the doctor if any of these side effects seen or bother you. Very common side effect: Affect more than 1 in 10 people are drowsiness and sedation.
Common side effect :
Affect between 1 in 10 or 1 in 100 people are
- Feeling weak or tired
- Feeling dizzy or unsteady
- Muscle weakness
- Forgetfulness or memory loss
Rare side effects :
Affect between1 in 1000 or more than 1000 peoples.
- Low blood pressure
- Changes in appetite
- Slurred speech
- Numbed emotions
- Feeling sick
Talk with doctor or pharmacist if you want any information about possible side effects of lorazepam medication.
Directions and dosage of lorazepam:
Take the lorazepam 2mg tablets by mouth with food or without food as recommended by the doctor. As their dosage is based on the medical condition, age and respons to the treatment. Use this medication regularly as directed by the doctor in order to get more benefit. So use it at the same time(s) each day.
Do not stop using lorazepam suddenly without consulting with the doctor.
When lorazepam is used for a long time it may not work so well. Thus talk with the doctor if it stops working well.
Do not share lorazepam with another person.
Ativan 2mg pills is administered orally and their dose, results, and duration of therapy should be individualized according to patient response. To facilitate this 0.5mg, 1mg and 2mg tablets are available.
For anxiety patients, the initial dosage is 2 to 3mg/day.
For elderly or debilitated patients an initial dosage of 1 to 2mg /day is recommended. However there dosage can be increased gradually if needed to help avoid adverse effects.